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Quadriplegia - Causes Paralysis From The Neck Down To Trunk, Arms, And Legs


Tetraplegia paralysis, commonly referred to as quadriplegia, affects all four limbs. The majority of tetraplegia suffer from severe paralysis below the neck, and many are entirely immobile. An injury high up in the spinal cord, generally in the cervical spine between C1 and C7, is frequently the cause of this type of paralysis.

The extent of the damage will increase with the severity of the injury. Lesions to the C1 and C2 vertebrae of the spinal cord often cause death right away because they make it hard to control breathing and other vital functions.

While you may assume that injury to the arms and legs is necessary for complete paralysis, the majority of quadriplegics have completely healthy arms and legs. Instead, the spinal cord or brain is typically where the issue originates or both.

Signals are transmitted to and from the brain via the spinal cord, and when they are processed by the brain, new signals are sent out via the spinal cord. So, a brain injury makes it hard for the brain to understand these signals, but a spinal cord injury makes it impossible for the brain to send or receive them.

Most Common Causes Of Quadriplegia Trauma

COPYRIGHT_SPINE: Published on https://spinal-injury.net/quadriplegia/ by Dr. Bill Butcher on 2022-10-05T00:34:52.811Z

Quadriplegia And Paraplegia Chart
Quadriplegia And Paraplegia Chart

Quadriplegia trauma can have a variety of reasons. The most frequent cause of this symptom in humans is spinal cord damage. The following are the most common causes of trauma:

  • Accidents involving cars, especially when people aren't wearing seat belts or when someone is thrown from the car.
  • Falls, particularly those involving senior citizens who are experiencing bone density-related problems such as osteoporosis or osteopenia.
  • Gunshot, stabbing, and blunt force trauma are examples of injuries caused by violence.
  • Sports injuries are brought on by sports.
  • Tumors of the spine, including malignancies, depend on where it originates in your body, cancer may either form on or near your spinal cord, or it may migrate from there to your spine.

Quadriplegia is characterized by partial or total weakness in both the arms and legs. Spasticity, which causes the muscles to have a very high tone and contract uncontrollably when moved or stretched, can be a manifestation of this.

Also, it could make the arms and legs look slack and atrophied, making it hard to even contract or move the muscles. Several more symptoms may also exist in quadriplegia, depending on the underlying etiology.

Children with cerebral palsy usually struggle to swallow and talk, and they may also find it difficult to sit, stand, or walk without support. They may also find it hard to control their bowel or bladder movements or digest food, and they often have a learning disability.

People with spinal cord injuries typically have bowel or bladder difficulties and are more likely to face heart and lung problems in addition to their quadriplegia. Some people even need breathing support from a machine.

Treatment For Trauma Quadriplegia

Although there is no known treatment for quadriplegia, there are strategies to deal with its symptoms. Mobility can be improved using wheelchairs. The stress of the family caregiver might be lessened by in-home care.

Pain and muscular function can both be helped by physical therapy. The emotional problems may be helped by counseling. Each of these enhances the quadriplegic person's quality of life. However, breathing for them is the most crucial thing to assist.

Life is a breath. Oxygen, which is necessary for life, is inhaled. The body exhales carbon dioxide. Deep breathing promotes energy, reduces stress, and promotes healthy sleep patterns.

A ventilator is frequently suggested as a breathing aid for a quadriplegic person. Being on a vent has several disadvantages, though. Avery Biomedical Devices' sympathetic employees were aware that there had to be a better solution.

Quadriplegic Info - What is Quadriplegia?

People Also Ask

How Does A Quadriplegic Body React?

Your spinal cord injury, which is also called quadriplegia, affects your arms, hands, trunk, legs, and pelvic organs.

Can A Quadriplegic Recover?

People with partial spinal cord injuries and quadriplegia can often get their mobility back.

How Is Quadriplegia Determined To Exist?

MRI scans of the brain and spine are used to check for tumors and herniated disks.


Quadriplegia is a terrifying or debilitating sign of spinal cord or brain damage. Depending on how and why it occurs, quadriplegia frequently lasts a lifetime. Although recovery prospects might vary greatly from case to case, modern medicine and medical advancements can provide some optimism.

Many assistive technologies and equipment are now available, which can help people with quadriplegia adapt and live more easily, especially for those who suffer long-term or permanent impacts.

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About The Authors

Dr. Bill Butcher

Dr. Bill Butcher - With more than two decades of experience, Dr. Bill Butcher aims to provide a repository for educational materials, sources of information, details of forthcoming events, and original articles related to the medical field and about health subjects that matter to you. His goal is to help make your life better, to help you find your way when faced with healthcare decisions, and to help you feel better about your health and that of your family. Bill received his medical degree at Boston University School of Medicine and spent his entire career helping people find the health and medical information, support, and services they need. His mission is to help millions of people feel fantastic by restoring them to optimal health.

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